Cairo

Cairo is the capital of Egypt and the largest city in Africa. A cosmopolitan city that blends the charm of the east with a Mediterranean flavour and which accommodates between 15 and 17 million people. It is a melting pot where antiquities of pharaonic dynasties, Graeco- Roman civilization, Christian and Islamic landmarks co-exist. A dynamic city proud of its warm and friendly people known for their traditional hospitality. On the Muqattam hills extending on the east bank of the Nile is the towering Salah al-Din Citadel. At its base extend hundreds of splendid mosques and Islamic monuments. On the western Bank of the Nile and on top of the Giza plateau rise the colossal Pyramids and the mysterious Sphinx, some of the most glorious contributions of Pharaonic heritage. Between the Pyramids and the Citadel modern Cairo exists with its network of roads, squares, gardens, clubs, amusement parks, luxurious hotels, skyscrapers and the Cairo Tower rising 187 metres high. In the heart of Cairo, the eternal River Nile flows gently from south to north. A Cairo visitor cannot miss sailing in a Nile felucca at sunset.

PHARAONIC MONUMENTS

Egypt is possesses many pyramids beginning with the Giza pyramids, Abu Rawash pyramid, and extends southward along the western desert for 70 km. Ruins of Al Lahun pyramid can found near the beginning of Fayoum Oasis.

Giza Pyramids



On the west bank of the Nile facing Cairo and on top of Giza plateau rise the three Pyramids erected by Khufu (Cheops), Khafra (Chephren), and Menkaura (Mycerinus), guarded by the mysterious Sphinx which is a mythical statue with the body of a lion and a human head. The Great Pyramid is the sole remaining structure which made up the ancient Seven Wonders of the World and the most important tourist site in Egypt.

Solar Boat of Khufu



It is made of cedar wood to be at the King’s disposal on his last journey to the sun god “Ra” in the other world. The solar boat is exhibited in a special museum south of Khufu’s Great Pyramid.

Memphis



Memphis is the most ancient capital of Egypt established by King Menes. Among other statuary, you will find the following:
-The colossal statue of Ramses II exhibited in the museum.
-The Alabaster statue of the Sphinx.
-An outdoor collection of statuary.

Saqqara



Saqqara is the ancient necropolis of Memphis city, hence it is covered in monuments, antiquities and tombs. It is the most ancient burial ground in ancient Egypt. Situated on a desert plateau crowned by King Djoser’s(3rd Dynasty) Step Pyramid and its funerary complex established by the architect lmhotep. The large sandy site includes temples and tombs distinguished by fascinating wall reliefs and carvings The most important places to visit in Saqqara is the pyramid of Unas with its Pyramid Texts, the Serapeum and mastabas which are known as the tombs of Nobles, the most famous of which is the tomb of Ptah Hotep, the tomb of Kagemni and the tomb of Mereruka.