Situated on the eastern bank of the Nile 899 km south of Cairo. Aswan is considered to be a fine winter resort in Egypt with its natural beauty far from the bustle of cities, and its warm weather which is characterised by dryness and sunshine throughout the year. One can spend a pleasant time wandering along the Nile Corniche where the desert merges with granite rocks around islands covered with palm trees and plants. One can also take a Nile cruise with feluccas at sunset or a tour in the market which is full of handicrafts, local products, spices and perfumes.
MAIN TOURSIT SITES
It was one of the most powerful forts on Egypts southern borders. It lies opposite the old Cataract Hotel renowned for the multiplicity of famous guests during its more than 100 years history. On the island there are the remains of stone temples of various eras including the temple of Khnum, erected during the old Kingdom. The island houses The Nilometer dating from the Roman era
Lies in the middle of the river near Elephantine Island. It is a natural exhibition of exotic plants and trees imported from all over the world and definitely on of the best places for spending leisure time relaxing in colourful shade.
This temple was dedicated to the supreme maternal goddess Isis. It was flooded by the Nile when the old British Dam was built at the beginning of the 20th century. Philae temple was dismantled and reassembled on a new site on Agilika Island, about 500 metres from its former site on Philae Island.
The unfinished Obelisk
A huge obelisk incompletely carved, about 41 metres high and more than 1150 tons weight. It owes its importance to the fact that it shows the techniques the ancient Egyptians used in carving obelisks. There is the Fatimid cemetery which includes hundreds of tombs built of mud brick that date back to the ninth century.
The Nubian Museum
The construction of the museum in Aswan is regarded as a great success of the international campaign for saving the monuments of Nubia supported by UNESCO. The excellent museum houses three thousand artifacts representing various archaeological periods throughout the history of Egypt (prehistoric, Pharaonic, Greek, Roman, Coptic and the Islamic).
The Cultural Centre in Aswan
At Corniche El Nile, presents evening shows of Nubian folk art. The performances reflect the local traditional life of Nubians covering dance, music and ethnic festivals.
The High Dam
One of the outstanding architectural achievements of the twentieth century. The High Dam was constructed to protect Egypt from the floods as well as providing irrigation and electricity all over Egypt. It is 3600 meters long. The building of the dam created the 500 km Lake Nasser which is a huge water reservoir.
Tombs of the Nobles
They are carved in the rocks of the west mountain opposite to the north end of Aswan. They date from the 23rd Century BC in the Old Kingdom period. Inside the tombs are decorated with vivid murals depicting scenes of everyday life, hieroglyphic biographies and inscriptions
The Agha Khan Mausoleum
It features typical architecture of the Fatimid style. Agha Khan was the late leader of the Ismaili sect, who preferred to spend winter every year in Aswan. The mausoleum is not open to visitors.
The Monastery of St.Simeon
It dates from the 6th century AD. The Coptic monastery is now in ruins but clearly shows the life-style of the monks. There are many interesting features including a church, whose frescoes are still extant representing Jesus Christ and the Saints. The monastery can be reached by camel or on foot.