The largest port in Egypt and a great summer resort in the Middle East. Located on the Mediterranean Sea North West of the Delta, 225 km from Cairo. Named after Alexander the Great who ordered its foundation in 332 BC, on the site of a small village called Rhakotis to be the capital of his reign in Egypt and a Greek cultural centre. Since its foundation Alexandria remained for many centuries a centre of culture in the world. Today Alexandria is considered the second capital of Egypt. It is distinguished by its strategic location, moderate climate and its fine sandy beaches which cover a large area between Agamy in the west and Abu Qeir in the east which make it worthy of its title Pearl of the Mediterranean.
The Graeco-Roman Museum
There are about 40 000 pieces dating from the beginning of the third century BC until the seventh century AD, the most important being Tanagra statues. There is also a rare collection of Greek coins.
It dates from the third century AD. It made of granite, over 25 metres high, and the last of the remaining relics of the Serapeum. The pillar was erected in honour of Emperor Diocletian.
The Roman Amphitheatre
A small amphitheatre discovered in the area of Kom AI-Dekka near the Roman museum. It consists of 12 rows of semi-circular marble seats and considered the only example of its kind in Egypt.
Kom Al-Shoqafa Catacombs
They consist of three levels cut in the rock 100 feet deep. They date back to the turn of the second century BC. The tombs are an interesting combination of Pharaonic and Roman art.
Mustafa Kamel Tombs
There are four catacombs from the Ptolemaic era, dating to the second century BC, a unique subterranean rock-hewn tomb, as it is the only tomb discovered east of Alexandria and is distinguished from the rest of the Ptolemaic tombs by its well preserved reliefs and architectural style.
There are five tombs in the area, but two of them are considered the most important. They were discovered in 1901. They date from the Ptolemaic era in the third century BC. The two tombs are distinguished by their beautiful engravings and unique architectural design.
Located north of Saint Marks college opposite the sea, and consists of an entrance with a corridor, a front and interior room. Several parts for burial were added to it in later centuries. It dates from the third century BC and is built in the ancient Greek house style.